How to Start a Campground

More and more people are seeking opportunities to reconnect with nature and enjoy the great outdoors.

Camping has become a popular way to escape the daily grind and immerse oneself in the beauty and serenity of the natural world.

With this growing demand for outdoor experiences, starting a campground can be a profitable and fulfilling business venture.

In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the steps to start your own campground, from research and planning to marketing and management.

Research and Planning

Understanding the target market

Before you dive into starting a campground, it is crucial to understand the different types of campers and their preferences.

Some campers prefer primitive experiences with minimal amenities, while others seek more comfortable, resort-like accommodations.

Families may prioritize playgrounds and activities, while couples or solo travelers may be drawn to peaceful, secluded spots.

By identifying the needs and preferences of various camping demographics, you can better cater to their desires and create a successful campground.

Identifying your Niche

Once you understand your target market, it’s time to determine your campground’s unique selling proposition. Consider specializing in one of the following niches:

  • Family-friendly campgrounds: Offer amenities like playgrounds, swimming pools, and organized activities to attract families.
  • Eco-friendly campgrounds: Promote sustainable practices, such as solar power, composting toilets, and recycling programs, to attract eco-conscious campers.
  • Luxury campgrounds: Provide upscale accommodations like glamping tents or cabins with modern amenities for those seeking a more luxurious camping experience.

Market research

Performing thorough market research will help you understand the competition and identify gaps in the market that you can fill.

  • Analyze nearby campgrounds, their offerings, pricing, and customer reviews.
  • Examine the demographics of your target region to estimate demand for your campground.
  • Gathering this information will help you create a well-informed business plan.

Finding the Perfect Location

Accessibility and visibility

Choose a location that is easy to access by car or public transportation, and ensure that your campground is visible from main roads or highways. A convenient and visible location will make it easier for customers to find and reach your campground.

Proximity to attractions and activities

Select a location near popular attractions like national parks, hiking trails, lakes, or historical sites. Being close to activities and points of interest will make your campground more appealing to potential customers.

Land size and suitability

Ensure that the land is suitable for building a campground, with a combination of flat and gently sloping terrain. The size of the land should be sufficient to accommodate the desired number of campsites, facilities, and recreational areas while still preserving the natural beauty of the area.

Zoning and land use regulations

Before purchasing land, verify that it is zoned for campground use and that you can obtain the necessary permits and approvals. Consult with local authorities to ensure compliance with zoning, building, and environmental regulations.

Developing your campground

Creating a master plan

Develop a detailed master plan that outlines the layout and design of your campground. Consider the following elements:

  • Campsite layout: Organize campsites to provide privacy and space, with a mix of tent sites, RV sites, and cabins.
  • Facilities and amenities: Plan the location of restrooms, showers, laundry facilities, and other amenities for camper convenience.
  • Recreational spaces: Include areas for activities like sports, games, and picnics, as well as communal spaces like fire pits and pavilions.

Infrastructure and utilities

Ensure that your campground has the necessary infrastructure and utilities, such as:

  • Water and electricity: Provide access to potable water and electricity for campsites, facilities, and common areas.
  • Waste management: Develop a waste disposal system, including trash and recycling bins, as well as sewage facilities for RVs.
  • Internet and communications: Offer Wi-Fi access and, if possible, cell phone reception to keep campers connected during their stay.

Environmental considerations

    Integrate environmental considerations into your campground’s development:

    • Sustainable practices: Adopt eco-friendly practices, such as using solar panels, LED lighting, and rainwater collection systems.
    • Preserving natural habitats: Retain and protect the natural environment by minimizing tree removal and preserving wildlife habitats.
    • Minimizing environmental impact: Implement measures to reduce erosion, control stormwater runoff, and prevent pollution.

    Business structure and registration

    Determine the most appropriate business structure for your campground (e.g., sole proprietorship, partnership, LLC) and register it with the appropriate authorities. Consult with an attorney or accountant to help you make the right choice.

    Insurance and liability protection

    Obtain necessary insurance policies to protect your business, including general liability, property, and workers’ compensation insurance. Consider consulting with an insurance agent to ensure you have adequate coverage.

    Financing options

    Explore various financing options to fund your campground:

    • Bank loans: Approach banks and credit unions with a solid business plan to secure a loan.
    • Private investors: Seek out individuals or groups interested in investing in your campground.
    • Crowdfunding: Utilize crowdfunding platforms like Kickstarter or GoFundMe to raise funds from a larger audience.

    Marketing and promotions

    Building an online presence

    An online presence is essential for promoting your campground:

    • Website development: Create a user-friendly website showcasing your campground’s amenities, rates, and booking information.
    • Social media marketing: Leverage social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to engage with potential customers and showcase your campground’s unique features.
    • Online booking platforms: List your campground on popular booking platforms like ReserveAmerica, Campendium, and Hipcamp to increase visibility and reservations.

    Collaborating with local businesses and organizations

    Partner with local businesses, such as outdoor outfitters, restaurants, and tour operators, to offer special deals and packages for your campers. Join local tourism organizations to network and promote your campground.

    Organizing events and activities

    Host events and activities, like workshops, outdoor movie nights, and themed weekends, to attract campers and encourage repeat visits.

    Incentives and loyalty programs

    Offer incentives, such as discounts for extended stays or returning campers, to foster customer loyalty and encourage repeat business.

    Staffing and management

    Hiring and training staff

    Recruit and train staff to provide excellent customer service, maintain facilities, and manage daily operations. Ensure that your team understands the importance of creating a welcoming and enjoyable environment for campers.

    Establishing operational policies and procedures

    Create clear policies and procedures for your campground, including check-in and check-out times, quiet hours, pet policies, and rules for communal spaces. Communicate these policies to your guests and enforce them consistently to maintain a positive camping experience for all.

    Customer service and satisfaction

    Prioritize customer satisfaction by being responsive to feedback, addressing concerns promptly, and going the extra mile to ensure that campers have an enjoyable stay.


    Starting a campground can be a rewarding venture that allows you to share the beauty of the outdoors with others while building a thriving business.