How to Start a Brewery

Brewing is an ancient craft that dates back thousands of years.

With the recent growth of the craft beer industry, many passionate individuals are looking to bring their unique creations to the market.

Starting a brewery requires dedication, passion, and a solid business plan.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover the steps necessary to establish a successful brewery.

Crafting Your Brewery Vision

The first step in starting a brewery is defining your vision. Consider the following elements as you craft your brewery’s identity:

  • Target audience: Think about the type of people you want to attract to your brewery. Are you aiming for a niche market, such as enthusiasts for sour beers, or are you targeting a broader audience? Your target audience will guide your branding and marketing efforts.
  • Unique selling points: What sets your brewery apart from the competition? This could be a focus on locally sourced ingredients, a specific brewing technique, or a commitment to sustainability. Identify what makes your brewery unique and build your brand around that.
  • Size and production capacity: Determine the scale of your brewery by considering how much beer you plan to produce and how quickly you want to expand. This will affect the size of your facility, the amount of equipment required, and your staffing needs.

Before you can start brewing, you need to navigate the complex web of federal, state, and local regulations governing breweries.

  • Federal, state, and local regulations: Familiarize yourself with the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) guidelines, as well as your state and local alcohol control boards. Each jurisdiction may have its own specific requirements, such as labeling or formula approval.
  • Permits and licenses: Apply for a federal Brewer’s Notice from the TTB, which allows you to produce and sell beer commercially. You’ll also need various state and local licenses, such as a business license and a liquor license.
  • Health and safety regulations: Breweries must adhere to strict health and safety guidelines, including proper sanitation practices and employee training. Familiarize yourself with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines and ensure your facility is up to code.

Creating a Solid Business Plan

A well-crafted business plan is essential for securing funding, guiding your decision-making, and setting realistic expectations for your brewery.

  • Market research and competitor analysis: Research the craft beer industry in your area to identify potential competitors and market opportunities. This will help you refine your target audience and identify potential gaps in the market.
  • Financial projections and funding options: Estimate your start-up costs, ongoing expenses, and expected revenue. This will help you determine how much funding you need and which funding options are best for your brewery. Options may include personal savings, loans, or investor partnerships.
  • Marketing and distribution strategy: Develop a plan for promoting your brewery and getting your beer into the hands of consumers. This may include social media marketing, attending beer festivals, and building relationships with local bars and restaurants.

Finding the Perfect Location

The location of your brewery can greatly impact its success.

  • Factors to consider: Choose a location that is easily accessible, has ample parking, and is in an area with a strong craft beer scene. Proximity to suppliers and distributors can also be beneficial.
  • Zoning regulations: Research local zoning regulations to ensure your chosen location is suitable for a brewery. Some municipalities have specific zoning requirements for breweries, so it’s crucial to verify that your chosen site is compliant.
  • Leases and contracts: Negotiate a lease or purchase contract that fits your budget and anticipated growth. Consider consulting a commercial real estate agent with experience in the brewery industry to guide you through this process.

Brewing Equipment and Supplies

A successful brewery requires the right equipment and high-quality ingredients.

  • Essential equipment: Your brewery will need a range of equipment, such as kettles, fermenters, cooling systems, and bottling or canning lines. Create a list of required equipment and determine whether you will purchase or lease it.
  • New vs used equipment: While new equipment may be more reliable, used equipment can save you money. Consider your budget and growth expectations when deciding between new and used equipment.
  • Sourcing ingredients: High-quality ingredients are essential for producing great beer. Research suppliers and develop relationships with those who can provide you with the best hops, malt, yeast, and other ingredients.

Assembling Your Brewery Team

Hiring skilled and passionate staff is crucial for the success of your brewery.

  • Hiring: Look for experienced brewers and other staff members who share your passion for craft beer. Hiring knowledgeable and passionate employees will help ensure a high-quality product and a strong company culture.
  • Company culture: Create a positive work environment that encourages collaboration, learning, and personal growth. This will help attract and retain top talent.
  • Training and certifications: Ensure that your staff receives proper training in brewing techniques, sanitation, and safety. Encourage employees to pursue relevant certifications, such as the Cicerone Certification Program or the Beer Judge Certification Program.

Launching Your Brewery

Once you have everything in place, it’s time to introduce your brewery to the world.

  • Soft opening vs grand opening: Consider hosting a soft opening for friends, family, and industry insiders to gather feedback and make any necessary adjustments before your grand opening. A grand opening is a chance to generate excitement and attract a larger audience.
  • Promotions and partnerships: Collaborate with local businesses, attend beer festivals, and host events to promote your brewery. Partnerships can help you reach new customers and build your brand.
  • Online presence and brand awareness: Develop a strong online presence through a user-friendly website, engaging social media content, and targeted digital marketing efforts. This will help you build brand awareness and attract customers.

Scaling and Expanding Your Brewery

As your brewery gains traction, consider ways to grow and expand.

  • Evaluating growth opportunities: Assess your current operations and market conditions to identify areas for potential growth, such as increased production capacity or expanded distribution.
  • Collaborations and local business partnerships: Collaborate with other breweries or local businesses to create unique offerings and reach new audiences.
  • Sustainable practices: Implement sustainable practices, such as water and energy conservation or waste reduction, to improve your brewery’s long-term success and minimize its environmental impact.


Starting a brewery is a labor of love that requires passion, dedication, and careful planning.